What is Hunchback-Kyphosis?

[Article from www.healthline.com]

Kyphosis, also known as roundback or hunchback, is a condition in which the spine in the upper back has an excessive curvature. The upper back, or thoracic region of the spine, is supposed to have a slight natural curve. The spine naturally curves in the neck, upper back, and lower back to help absorb shock and support the weight of the head. Kyphosis occurs when this natural arch is larger than normal.

If you have kyphosis, you may have a visible hump on your upper back. From the side, your upper back may be noticeably rounded or protruding. In addition, people with hunchback appear to be slouching and have noticeable rounding of the shoulders. Kyphosis can lead to excess pressure on the spine, causing pain. It may also cause breathing difficulties due to pressure put on the lungs.

Kyphosis in elderly women is known as dowager’s hump.

There are several kinds of kyphosis

  • Postural kyphosis, the most common type, normally attributed to slouching, can occur in both the old and the young. In the young, it can be called "slouching" and is reversible by correcting muscular imbalances. In the old, it may be a case of hyperkyphosis and called "dowager's hump".
  • Scheuermann's kyphosis is significantly worse cosmetically and can cause varying degrees of pain, and can also affect different areas of the spine (the most common being the midthoracic area). Scheuermann's kyphosis is considered a form of juvenile osteochondrosis of the spine and is more commonly called Scheuermann's disease. Most patients with Scheuermann's disease they need to undergo surgery.
  • Congenital kyphosis can result in infants whose spinal column has not developed correctly in the womb. Vertebrae may be malformed or fused together and can cause further progressive kyphosis as the child develops. Surgical treatment may be necessary at a very early stage and can help maintain a normal curve in coordination with consistent follow-ups to monitor changes.
  • Nutritional kyphosis can result from nutritional deficiencies especially during childhood, such as vitamin D deficiency, which softens bones and results in the curving of the spine and limbs under the child's body weight.
  • Post-traumatic kyphosiscan arise from untreated or ineffectively treated vertebral fractures.

Cause of Postural Kyphosis

Postural kyphosis is the most common type of kyphosis. The cause of postural kyphosis is easy to understand: Poor posture leads to an excessive rounding of the upper back.

Postural kyphosis may appear during adolescence due to a number of factors: poor physical activity, incorrect sitting posture, excessive use of smartphones.

In adults, the kyphosis is common in office workers due to the wrong sitting posture, and in those jobs that require prolonged standing (for example "retail staff, bartenders, bartenders, assembly line workers, security officers, engineers, catering staff, library assistants, hairdressers).

If you try, you can correct postural kyphosis, just by making a conscious effort to stand up straight and have good posture.

Treatment

Patients with postural kyphosis can conscientiously correct the curve by standing up straight. For these patients, there is no actual structural abnormality of the spine and their curve is unlikely to progress.

It's possible to correct the postural kyphosis with physical exercise routine including core muscle strengthening, and bracing.
By using a posture corrector you will easily improve your posture. Keeps your back and shoulders in the correct position during the day: while you're at your desk, when you're using your laptop or phone, during all your daily activities.

Children & Teenagers: a posture corrector brace may be used to help straighten the spine and try to prevent further progression during growing years.